Publications

Timmermans, M.-L., J. Marshall, A. Proshutinsky and J. Scott, 2017. Seasonally-derived components of the Canada Basin halocline. Submitted to Geophysical Research Letters.
 
Mensa, J. and M.-L. Timmermans, 2016. Characterizing the seasonal cycle of upper-ocean flows under multi-year sea ice. In revision Ocean Modeling.
 
Islam, F., M.D. DeGrandpre, C.M. Beatty, M.-L. Timmermans, R.A. Krishfield, J.M. Toole, S.R. Laney, 2017. Sea surface pCO2 and O2 dynamics in the partially ice-covered Arctic Ocean. In press Journal of Geophysical Research.
 
Bebieva, Y. and M.-L. Timmermans, 2017. The relationship between double-diffusive intrusions and staircases in the Arctic Ocean. In press Journal of Physical Oceanography.
 
Shibley, N., M.-L. Timmermans, J. Carpenter, J. Toole, 2017. Spatial variability of the Arctic Ocean’s double-diffusive staircase. Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JC012419.
 
Zhang, J., M. Steele, K. Runciman, S. Dewey, J. Morison, C. Lee, L. Rainville, S. Cole, R. Kirshfield, M.-L. Timmermans, J. Toole, 2016. The Beaufort Gyre intensification and stabilization: A model-observation synthesis. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JC012196.
 
Lincoln, B., T. Rippeth, Y. Lenn, M.-L. Timmermans, W. Williams, S. Bacon, 2016. Wind driven mixing at intermediate depths in an ice-free Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 9749–9756, doi:10.1002/2016GL070454.
 
Zhao, M., M.-L. Timmermans, S. Cole, R. Krishfield, J. Toole, 2016. Evolution of the Eddy Field in the Arctic Ocean’s Canada Basin, 2005-2015. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL069671.
 
Timmermans, M.-L. and A. Proshutinsky, 2016. [The Arctic] Sea Surface Temperature [in “State of the Climate in 2015”]. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97 (8), S137-S138.
 
Proshutinsky, A., M. Steele and M.-L. Timmermans, 2016. Forum for Arctic Modeling and Observational Synthesis (FAMOS): past, current and future activities. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JC011898.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., and Jayne, S., 2016. The Arctic Ocean spices up. Journal of Physical Oceanography, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0027.1.
 
Dukhovskoy, D. S., Myers, P. G., Platov, G., Timmermans, M.-L., Curry, B., Proshutinsky, A., Bamber, J. L., Chassignet, E., Hu, X., Lee, C. M. and Somavilla, R., 2016. Greenland freshwater pathways in the sub-Arctic Seas from model experiments with passive tracers. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 877–907, doi:10.1002/2015JC011290.
 
Bebieva, Y. and M.-L. Timmermans, 2016. An examination of double-diffusive processes in a mesoscale eddy in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 457–475, doi:10.1002/2015JC011105.
 
Zhao, M. and M.-L. Timmermans, 2015. Vertical scales and dynamics of eddies in the Arctic Ocean’s Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, 8195–8209, doi:10.1002/2015JC011251.
 
Carmack, E., M. Yamamoto-Kawai, T. Haine, S. Bacon, B. Bluhm, C. Lique, H. Melling, I. Polyakov, F. Straneo, M.-L. Timmermans and W. Williams, W., 2015. Fresh water and its role in the Arctic Marine System: sources, disposition, storage, export, and physical and biogeochemical consequences in the Arctic and global oceans. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JG003140.
 

Timmermans, M.-L. and A. Proshutinsky, 2015. [The Arctic] Sea Surface Temperature [in “State of the Climate in 2014”]. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96 (7), S147-S148.

Timmermans, M.-L., 2015. The impact of stored solar heat on Arctic sea-ice growth. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL064541.

Proshutinsky, A., D. Dukhovskoy, M.-L. Timmermans, R. Krishfield, J. Bamber, 2015. Arctic circulation regimesPhil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 373(2052), 20140160. 

Carmack, E., I. Polyakov, L. Padman, I. Fer, E. Hunke, J. Hutchings, J. Jackson, D. Kelley, R. Kwok, C. Layton, D. Perovich, O. Persson, B. Ruddick, M.-L. Timmermans, J. Toole, T. Ross, S. Vavrus, P. Winsor, 2015. The New Arctic: Towards quantifying the increasing role of oceanic heat in sea ice loss. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00177.1
 
National Research Council, Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2014. doi:  10.17226/18625 
 
Zhao, M., M.-L. Timmermans, S. Cole, R. Krishfield, A. Proshutinsky, and J. Toole, 2014. Characterizing the eddy field in the Arctic Ocean halocline. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JC010488.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., A. Proshutinsky, E. Golubeva, J.M. Jackson, R. Krishfield, M. McCall, G. Platov, J. Toole, W. Williams, 2014. Mechanisms of Pacific Summer Water variability in the Arctic’s Central Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JC010273.
 
Eveleth, R., M.-L. Timmermans, N. Cassar, 2014. Physical and biological controls on oxygen saturation variability in the upper Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JC009816.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., and 21 others, 2014. [The Arctic] Ocean Temperature and Salinity [in “State of the Climate in 2013”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, S128-S132.
 
Laney, S., R. Krishfield, J. Toole, T. Hammar, C. Ashjian, and M.-L. Timmermans, 2014. Assessing Algal Biomass and Bio-optical Distributions in Perennially Ice-Covered Polar Ocean Ecosystems. Polar Science, 8(2), 73-85. 
 
Radko, T., J. Flanagan, S. Stellmach, and M.-L. Timmermans, 2014. Double-Diffusive Recipes. Part II: Layer-Merging Events. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, 1285-1305. 
 
Cole, S., M.-L. Timmermans, J. Toole, R. Krishfield, F. Thwaites, 2014. Ekman Veering, Internal Waves, and Turbulence Observed under Arctic Sea Ice. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, 1306-1328. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-12-0191.1
 
Krishfield, R., A. Proshutinsky, K. Tateyama, W. Williams, E. Carmack, F. McLaughlin, and M.-L. Timmermans, 2014. Deterioration of perennial sea ice in the Beaufort Gyre from 2003 to 2012 and its impact on the oceanic freshwater cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 1271-1305, doi:10.1002/2013JC008999.
 
Carpenter, J.R. and M.-L. Timmermans, 2014. Does rotation influence double-diffusive fluxes in polar oceans? Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, 289–296.
 
Manucharyan, G. and M.-L. Timmermans, 2013. Generation and Separation of Mesoscale Eddies from Surface Ocean Fronts. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 2545–2562.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., I. Ashik, Y. Cao, I. Frolov, R. Ingvaldsen, T. Kikuchi, R. Krishfield, H. Loeng, S. Nishino, R. Pickart, B. Rabe, I. Semiletov, U. Schauer, P. Schlosser, N. Shakhova, W.M. Smethie, V. Sokolov, M. Steele, J. Su, J. Toole, W. Williams, R. Woodgate, J. Zhao, W. Zhong, and S. Zimmermann, 2013. [The Arctic] Ocean Temperature and Salinity [in “State of the Climate in 2012”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(8), S128 - S130.
 
Proshutinsky, A., R. Krishfield, M.-L. Timmermans, and J.M. Toole, 2013. Arctic Ocean freshwater balance. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology, pp. 31-34, 2013.
 
Timmermans, M.-L. and P. Winsor, 2013. Scales of horizontal density structure in the Chukchi Sea surface layer. Continental Shelf Research, 52, 39-45, doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2012.10.015.
 
Carpenter, J.R. and M.-L. Timmermans, 2012.  Deep mesoscale eddies in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean.  Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L20602, doi:10.1029/2012GL053025.
 
Proshutinsky, A., M.-L. Timmermans, + 18 others, 2012. [The Arctic] Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2011”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93 (7), S57-92.
 
Carpenter, J. and M.-L. Timmermans, 2012. Temperature steps in salty seas. Physics Today, 65(3), 66 (2012); doi: 10.1063/PT.3.1485.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., S. Cole and J. Toole, 2012. Horizontal density structure and restratification of the Arctic Ocean surface layer. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42, 659–668.
 
Toole, J.M., R.A. Krishfield, M.-L. Timmermans, and A. Proshutinsky, 2011. The Ice-Tethered Profiler: Argo of the Arctic. Oceanography, 24(3):126-135, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.64.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., A. Proshutinsky, R. A. Krishfield, D. K. Perovich, J. A. Richter-Menge, T. P. Stanton, and J. M. Toole, 2011. Surface freshening in the Arctic Ocean’s Eurasian Basin: An apparent consequence of recent change in the wind-driven circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C00D03, doi:10.1029/2011JC006975.
 
Proshutinsky, A., M.-L. Timmermans, , I. Ashik, A. Beszczynska-Moeller, E. Carmack, I. Frolov, M. Itoh, T. Kikuchi, R. Krishfield, F. McLaughlin, S. Nishino, B. Rabe, U. Schauer, K. Shimada, V. Sokolov, M. Steele, J. Toole, W. Williams, R. Woodgate, M. Yamamoto-Kawai, and S. Zimmermann, 2011. [The Arctic] Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2010”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, S145-148.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., L. Rainville, L. Thomas and A. Proshutinsky, 2010. Moored observations of bottom-intensified motions in the deep Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean. Journal of Marine Research, 68 (1).
 
Timmermans, M.-L., R. Krishfield, S. Laney, and J. Toole, 2010. Ice-Tethered Profiler measurements of dissolved oxygen under permanent ice cover in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 27, 1936-1949. doi: 10.1175/2010JTECHO772.1.
 
Toole, J.M., M.-L. Timmermans, D. K. Perovich, R. A. Krishfield, A. Proshutinsky, and J.A. Richter-Menge, 2010. Influences of the ocean surface mixed layer and thermohaline stratification on Arctic sea ice in the central Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C10018, doi:10.1029/2009JC005660.
 
Proshutinsky, A., M.-L. Timmermans, I. Ashik, A. Beszczynska-Moeller, E. Carmack, I. Frolov, R. Krishfield, F. McLaughlin, J. Morison, I. Polyakov, K. Shimada, V. Sokolov, M. Steele, J. Toole and R. Woodgate, 2010. [The Arctic] Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2009”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, S85-87.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., J. Francis, A. Proshutinsky, and L. Hamilton, 2009. Taking Stock of Arctic Sea Ice and Climate. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, 1351-1353
 
Timmermans, M.-L., 2009. Book Review of Air-Ice-Ocean Interaction: Turbulent Ocean Boundary Layer Exchange Processes by Miles McPhee. Physics Today, vol. 62, issue 6, p. 52, DOI:10.1063/1.3156336.
 
Proshutinsky A., R. Krishfield, M.-L. Timmermans, J. Toole, E. Carmack, F. McLaughlin, W. J. Williams, S. Zimmermann, M. Itoh, K. Shimada, 2009. Beaufort Gyre freshwater reservoir: State and variability from observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, C00A10, doi:10.1029.
 
Proshutinsky, A., R. Krishfield, M. Steele, I. Polyakov, I. Ashik, M. McPhee, J. Morison, M.-L. Timmermans, J. Toole, V. Sokolov, I. Frolov, E. Carmack, F. McLaughlin, K. Shimada, R. Woodgate, and T. Weingartner, 2009. [The Arctic] Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2008”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, S1-S196.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., 2009. Science strategies for the Arctic Ocean, in Oceanography in 2025: proceedings of a workshop, Ed. D. Glickson, National Research Council of the National Academies, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., Toole, J., Krishfield, R. and Winsor, P., 2008. Ice-Tethered Profiler observations of the double-diffusive staircase in the Canada Basin thermocline. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C00A02, doi:10.1029/2008JC004829.
 
Krishfield, R., Toole, J., Proshutinsky, A. and Timmermans, M.-L., 2008. Automated Ice-Tethered Profilers for seawater observations under pack ice in all seasons. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 47, No. 11, 2091-2105.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., Toole, J., Proshutinsky, A., Krishfield, R. and Plueddemann, A., 2008. Eddies in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, observed from Ice-Tethered Profilers. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 38, No. 1, 133-145.
 
Proshutinsky, A., J. Morison, I. Ashik, E. Carmack, I.E. Frolov, J.C. Gascard, M. Itoh, R. Krishfield, F. McLaughlin, I.V. Polyakov, B. Rudels, U. Schauer, K. Shimada, V.T. Sokolov, M. Steele, M.-L. Timmermans, J.M. Toole, 2008. The Poles: Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2007”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89(7), S86-S89.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., Melling, H. and Rainville, L., 2007. Dynamics in the deep Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, inferred by thermistor-chain time series. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 37, No. 4, 1066-1076. DOI: 10.1175/JPO3032.1.
 
Toole, J., Krishfield, R., Proshutinsky, A., Ashjian, C., Doherty, K., Frye, D., Hammar, T., Kemp, J., Peters, D., Timmermans, M.-L., von der Heydt, K., Packard, G., and Shanahan, T., 2006. Ice-Tethered Profilers sample the upper Arctic Ocean. Eos Transactions AGU, 87(41), 434, doi:10.1029/2006EO410003.
 
Timmermans, M.-L. and Garrett, C., 2006. Evolution of the deep water in the Canadian Basin in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 36, No. 5, 866-874.
 
Timmermans, M.-L. and Pratt, L.J., 2005. Two-layer rotating exchange flow between two deep basins: Theory and application to the Strait of Gibraltar. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 35, No. 9, 1568-1592.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., Winsor, P. and Whitehead, J., 2005. Deep-water flow over the Lomonosov Ridge in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 35, No. 8, 1489-1493.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., Garrett, C. and Carmack, E., 2003. The thermohaline structure and evolution of the deep waters in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part I, 50, 1305-1321.
 
Whitehead, J. A., Timmermans, M.-L., Lawson, W.G., Bulgakov, S. N., Zatarain, A.M., Medina, J. G. and Salzig, J., 2003. Laboratory studies of thermally and/or salinity driven flows with partial mixing: Stommel transitions and multiple flow states. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(C2), 3036, doi:10.1029/2001JC000902.
 
Timmermans, M.-L. and Lister, J.R., 2002. The effect of surfactant on the stability of a liquid thread. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 459, 289-306.
 
Timmermans, M.-L., Lister, J.R. and Huppert, H.E., 2001. Compressible particle-driven gravity currents. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 445, 305-325.