Please see my lab website for an up-to-date publication list and more information about our lab group! Citations and metrics can be found on Google Scholar.

Smith J., Rillo M.C., Kocsis A.T., Dornelas M., Fastovich D., Hang H.-H. M., Jonkers L., Kiessling W., Li Q., Liow L.H., Margulis-Ohnuma M., Meyers S., Na L., Penny A.M., Pippender K., Renaudie J., Saupe E.E., Steinbauer M.J., Sugawara M., Tomasovych A., Williams J.W., Yasuhara M., Finnegan S., Hull P.M. 2023. BioDeepTime: a database of biodiversity time series for modern and fossil assemblages. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/geb.13735

Gaskell D.E. and Hull P.M. 2023. Technical note: a new online tool for d18O-temperature conversions. Climate of the Past 19: 1265-1274.

Jones H., Westerhold T., Birch H., Hull P.M., Negra M., Roehl U., Sepulveda J., Vellekoop J., Whiteside J., Alegret L., Henehan M., Robinson L., van Dijk J., Brawlower T. 2023. Stratigraphy of the Cretaceous/Paleogene (K/Pg) boundary at the Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) in El Kef, Tunisia: New insights from the El Kef Coring Project. GSA Bulletin.

Van der Ploeg R., Cramwinckel M.J., Kocken I.J., Leutert T.J., Bohaty S.M., Fokkema C.D., Hull P.M., Meckler A.N., Middelburg J.J., Müller I.A., Penman D.E., Peterse F., Reichart G.-J., Sexton P.F., Vahlenkamp M., De Vleeschouwer D., Wilson P.A., Ziegler M., Sluijs A. 2023. North Atlantic surface ocean warming and salinization in response to middle Eocene greenhouse warming. Science Advances 9 (4): eabq0110.

De Vleeschouwer D., Penman D.E., D’haenens S., Wu F., Westerhold T., Vahlenkamp M., Cappelli C., Agnini C., Kordesch W.E.C., King D.J., van der Ploeg R., Pälike H., Kirtland Turner S., Wilson P.A., Norris R.D., Zachos J.C., Bohaty S.M., Hull P.M. 2023. North Atlantic drift sediments constrain Eocene tidal dissipation and the evolution of the Earth-Moon system. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 38: e2022PA004555.

Westacott S., Hollis C.J., Pascher K.M., Dickens G.R., Hull P.M. 2023. Radiolarian size and silicification across the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary and into the early Eocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 609: 111287.

Davis C.V., Sibert E.C., Jacobs P.H., Burls N., Hull P.M. 2023. Intermediate water circulation drives distribution of Pliocene Oxygen Minimum Zones. Nature Communications 14: 40.

Davis C.V., Shaw J.O., D’haenens S., Thomas E., Hull P.M. 2022. Photosymbiont associations persisted in planktic foraminifera during Early Eocene hyperthermals at Shatsky Rise (Pacific Ocean). PLoS One 17 (9): e0267636.

Wiemann J., Menendez I., Crawford J.M., Fabbri M., Gauthier J.A., Hull P.M., Norell M.A., Briggs D.E.G. 2022. Fossil biomolecules reveal an avian metabolism in the ancestral dinosaur. Nature 606: 522-526.

Gaskell D.E., Huber M., O’Brien C.L., Inglis G.N., Acosta R.P., Poulsen C.J., Hull P.M. 2022. The latitudinal temperature gradient and its state-dependence as inferred from foraminiferal d18O over the past 95 Ma. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 119 (11) e2111332119.

Shankle M., Burls N.J., Fedorov A.V., Thomas M.D., Lui W., Penman D.E., Ford H.L., Jacobs P.H., Planavsky N.J., Hull P.M. 2021 Pliocene decoupling of equatorial Pacific temperature and pH gradients. Nature 598: 457-461.

Spalding C. and Hull P.M. 2021. Towards quantifying the mass extinction debt of the Anthropocene. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 288: 20202332.

Westacott S., Planavsky N.J., Zhao M.-Y., Hull P.M. 2021. Revisiting the sedimentary record of the rise of diatoms.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 118 (27): e2103517118.

Shaw J.O., D’haenens S., Thomas E., Norris R.D., Lyman J.A., Bornemann A., Hull P.M. 2021. Photosymbiosis in planktonic foraminifera across the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maxium. Paleobiology 1-16. doi:10.1017/pab.2021.7

Davis C.V., Wishner L., Renema W., Hull P.M. 2021. Vertical distribution of planktic foraminifera through an Oxygen Minimum Zone: how assemblages and shell morphology reflect oxygen concentrations. Biogeoscience 18: 977-992.

Shaw J.O., Briggs D.E.G., Hull P.M. 2021. Fossilization potential of marine assemblages and environments. Geology 49 (3): 977-992.

Yasuhara M., Huang H.-H.M., Hull P.M., Rillo M.C., Condamine F.L., Tittensor D.P, Kucera M., Costello M.J., Finnegan S., O’Dea A., Hong Y., Bonebrake T.C., McKenzie N.R., Doi H., Wei C.-L., Kubota Y., and E.E. Saupe. 2020. Time machine biology: cross-time-scale integration of ecology, evolution, and oceanography. Oceanography 33 (2): 17-28.

O’Brien C., Thomas E., Huber M., Pagani M., Super J.R., Elder L.E., Hull P.M. 2020. The enigma of Oligocene climate and global surface temperature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 117 (41) 25302-25309.

Whalen C.D., Hull P.M., Briggs D.E.G. 2020. Paleozoic ammonoid ecomorphometrics test ecospace availability as a driver of morphological diversification. Science Advances 6 (37): eabc2365. doi:10.1126.sciadv.abc2365.

Davis C.V., Livsey C.M., Palmer H.M., Hull P.M., Thomas E., Hill T.M., Benitez-Nelson C. 2020. Extensive morphological variability in asexually produced planktic foraminifera. Science Advances 6: eabb8930. doi: 101126/sciadv.abb8930

Payne J.L., Bachan A., Heim N.A., Hull P.M., Knope M.L. 2020. The evolution of complex life and the stabilization of the Earth system. Interface Focus 10: 20190106.

Super J.R., Thomas E., Huber M., O’Brien C., Pagani M., Hull P.M. 2020. Miocene evolution of North Atlantic sea surface temperature. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 35: e201PA003748.

Henehan M.J., Edgar K.M., Foster G.L., Penman D.E., Hull P.M., Greenop R., Anagnostou E., Pearson P.N. 2020. Revisting the Middle Eocene Climate Optimum ‘Carbon Cycle Conundrum’ with new estimates of atmospheric pCO2 from boron isotopes. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 35: e2019PA003713.

Dawson R.R., Field D.J., Hull P.M., Zelenitsky D.K., Therrien F., Affek H.P. 2020. Eggshell geochemistry reveals ancestral metabolic thermal regulation in Dinosauria. Science Advances 6: eaax9361.

Lowery C.M., Bown P., Fraass A.J., Hull P.M. 2020. Ecological response of plankton to environmental change and thresholds for extinction. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 48: 403-429.

Hull P.M., Bornemann A., Penman D.E., Henehan M.J., Norris R.D., Wilson P.A., Blum P., Alegret L., Batenburg S.J., Bown P.R., Bralower T.J., Cournede C., Deutsch A., Donner B., Friedrich O., Jehle S., Kim H., Kroon D., Lippert P., Loroch D., Mo¨bius I., Moriya K., Peppe D.J., Ravizza G.E., Ro¨hl U., Schueth J.D., Sepulveda J., Sexton P.F., Sibert E.C., Sliwinska K.K., Summons R.E., Thomas E., Westerhold T., Whiteside J.H., Yamguchi T., Zachos J.C. 2020. On impact and volcanism across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. Science 367 (6475): 266-272.

Burke J.E., Renema W., Schiebel R., Hull P.M. 2020. Three-dimensional analysis of inter- and intraspecific variation in ontogenetic growth trajectories in planktonic foraminifera.  Marine Micropaleontology 155: 101794.

Henehan M.J., Ridgwell A., Thomas E., Zhang S., Alegret L., Schmidt D.N., Rae J.W.B., Witts J.D., Landman N.H., Greene S.E., Huber B.T., Super J., Planavsky N.J., Hull P.M. 2019. Rapid ocean acidification and protracted Earth System recovery following the end-Cretaceous Chicxulub impact. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (45): 22500-22504.

Gaskell D.E., Ohman M.D., and Hull P.M. 2019. Zooglider-based measurements of planktonic foraminifera in the California Current System. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 49 (4): 390-404.

Gaskell D.E. and Hull P.M. 2019. Symbiont arrangement and metabolism can explain high d13C in Eocene planktonic foraminifera. Geology 47 (12): 1156-1160.

Hsiang A.Y., Brombacher A., Costa Rillo M., Mleneck-Vautravers M.J., Conn S., Lordsmith S., Jentzen A., Henehan M.J., Metcalfe B., Fenton I., Wade B., Fox L., Meilland J., Davis C.V., Baranowski U., Groeneveld J., Edgar K.M., Movellan A., Aze T., Dowsett H., Miller G., Rios N., Hull P.M. 2019. Endless Forams: >34,000 modern planktonic foraminiferal images for taxonomic training and automated species recognition using convolutional neural networks. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 34: 1157-1177.

Penman D., Keller A., D’haenens S., Kirtland Turner S., Hull P.M. 2019. Atlantic deep-sea cherts associated with Eocene hyperthermal events. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 34: 287-299

Boag T.H., Stockey R.G., Elder L.E., Hull P.M., Sperling E. 2018. Oxygen, temperature and the cold stenothermal cradle of Ediacaran evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285: 20181724

Schiebel R., Smart S.M., Jentzen A., Jonkers L., Morard R., Meilland J., Michel E., Coxall H.K., Hull P.M., de Garidel-Thoron T., Aze T., QuillévéréF., Ren H., Sigman D., Vonhof H.B., Martinez-Garcia A., Kucera M., Bijma J., Spero H., Haug G.H. 2018. Advances in planktonic foraminifer research: New perspectives for paleoceanography. Revue de Micropaleontologie 61 (3-4): 113-138.

Sibert E.C., Friedman M., Hull P.M., Hunt G., Norris R.D. 2018. Two pulses of origination in Pacific pelagic fish following the Cretaceous-Paleogene Mass Extinction. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 258: 20181194.

Foster G, Hull P.M., Lunt D., Zachos J.Z. 2018.  Placing our current ‘hyperthermal’ in context of rapid climate change in our geological past. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 376: 20170086.

Burke J.E., Renema W., Henehan M.J., Elder L.E., Davis C.V., Maas A.E., Foster G.L., Schiebel R., Hull P.M. 2018. Factors influencing porosity in planktonic foraminifera. Biogeosciences.

Elder L.E., Hsiang A.Y., Nealson K., Strotz L.C., Kahanamoku S.S., Hull P.M. 2018. Sixty-one thousand Recent planktonic foraminifera from the Atlantic Ocean. Scientific Data 5: 180109. doi: 10.1038/sdata.2018.109

Super J.R., Thomas E., Pagani M., Huber M., O’Brien C., Hull P.M. 2018. North Atlantic temperature and pCO2 coupling in the early-middle Miocene. Geology 46 (6): 519-522.

Super J.R., Chin K., Pagani M., Li H., Tabor C., Harwood D., Hull P.M. 2018. Late Cretaceous climate in the Canadian Arctic: multi-proxy constraints from Devon Island. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 504: 1-22.

Brombacher A., Elder L.E., Hull P.M., Wilson P.A., Ezard T.H.G. 2018. Calibration of test diameter and area as proxies for body size in the planktonic foraminifer Globoconella puncticulataJournal of Foraminiferal Research 48 (3) 241-245. 

Kahanamoku S., Hull P.M., Lindberg D.R., Hsiang A.Y., Clites E.C., Finnegan S. 2018. Twelve thousand Recent limpets (Mollusca, Patellogastropoda) from a northeastern Pacific latitudinal gradient. Scientific Data 5: 170197. doi: 10.1038/sdata.2017.197

Edgar K.M., Hull P.M., Ezard T.H.G. 2017. Evolutionary history biases inferences of ecology and environment from d13C but not d18O values. Nature Communications 8: 1106. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-01154-7

Hsiang A.Y., Nelson K., Elder L.E., Sibert E.C., Kahanamoku S.S., Burke J.E., Kelly A., Liu Y., Hull P.M. 2017. AutoMorph: accelerating morphometrics with automated 2D and 3D image processing and shape extraction.  Methods in Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12915

Kirtland Turner S., Hull P.M., Kump L.R., Ridgwell A. 2017. A probabilistic assesment of the rapidity of PETM onset. Nature Communications 8: 353. [PDF] doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00292-2

Hull P.M. 2017. Emergence of modern of marine ecosystems. Current Biology 27 (11): R466-R469.   [Primer] [PDF] doi:

Batenburg S.J., Friedrich O.,  Moriya K., Voigt S., Cournède C., Moebius I., Blum P., Bornemann A., Fiebig J., Hasegawa T., Hull P.M., Norris R.D., Röhl U.,  Sexton P.F., Westerhold T., Wilson P.A., and the IODP Expedition 342 Scientists. 2017. Late Maastrichtian carbon isotope stratigraphy and cyclostratigraphy of the Newfoundland Margin (Site U1403, IODP Let 342). Newsletters in Stratigraphy.

Henehan M.J.,Evans D., Shankle M., Burke J., Foster G.L., Durrant J., Anagnostou E., Chalk T.B., Stewart J.A., Alt C.G.S.,  Hull P.M. 2017. Size-dependent response of foraminiferal calcification to seawater carbonate chemistry. Biogeosciences 14: 3287-3308. [PDF] doi:10.5194/bg-14-3287-2017

Zhang S., Henehan M.J., Hull P.M., Reid R.P., Hardisty D.S., Hood A.v.S., Planavsky N.J. 2017. Investigating controls on boron isotope ratios in shallow marine carbonates. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 458: 380-393[PDF]  doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.10.059

Hull P.M., Bohaty S.M., Cameron A., Coxall H.K., D’haenens S., de Vleeschouwer D., Elder L.E., Friedrich O., Kerr K., Kirtland Turner S., Kordesch W.E.C., Moriya K., Norris R.D., Opdyke B.N., Penman D.E., Pälike H., Wilson P.A., Sexton P.F., Vahlenkamp M., Wu F., Zachos J.C. 2017. Data Report: weight percent coarse fraction record for the Eocene megasplice at IODP Sites U1406, U1408, U1409, and U1411. In Norris R.D., Wilson P.A, Blum P., and the Expedition 342 Scientists, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 342. [PDF]  doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.342.203.2017

Burke J.E. and Hull P.M. 2017. Effect of gross morphology on modern planktonic foraminiferal test strength under compression. Journal of Micropalaeontology 36: 174-182. [PDF] doi:10.1144/jmpaleo2016-007

Wang X., Planavsky N.J., Hull P.M., Tripati A.E., Zou H., Elder L., Henehan M. 2017. Chromium isotopic composition of core-top planktonic foraminiferaGeobiology 15 (1)​: 51-64.  [PDF]  doi:10.1111/gbi.12198

Henehan M.J., Hull P.M., Penman D.E., Rae J.W.B., Schmidt D.N. 2016. Biogeochemical significance of pelagic ecosystem function: an end-Cretaceous case study. Phil. Trans. of the Royal Soc. B. 371: 20150510. [PDF]

Hsiang A., Elder L.E., Hull P.M. 2016. Towards a morphological metric of assemblage dynamics in the fossil record: a test case using planktonic foraminifera. Phil. Trans. of the Royal Soc. B 371: 20150227. [PDF]

Darroch S.A.F., Locatelli E.R., McCoy V.E., Clark E.G., Anderson R.P., Tarhan L.G., Hull P.M. 2016. Taphonomic disparity in foraminifera as a paleo-indicator for seagrass. Palaios​ 31: 242-258. [PDF] doi:

Hull P.M., Darroch S.A.F., Erwin D.H. 2015. Rarity in mass extinctions and the future of ecosystems. Nature 528: 345-351. [PDFdoi: 10.1038/nature16160

Hull P.M. 2015. Billions and billions of bad tomorrows. Current Biology 25: R1154. [PDF] doi:   [Book Review]

Hull P.M. 2015. Life in the aftermath of mass extinctions. Current Biology 25: R941-R952. [PDF] doi:

Ezard T.H.G., Edgar K.M., Hull P.M. 2015. Environmental and biological controls on size-specific d13C and d18O in recent planktonic foraminifera. Paleoceanography 30: 151-173. [PDFdoi:10.1002/2014PA002735

Sibert E.C., Hull P.M., Norris R.D. 2014. Resilience of Pacific pelagic fish across the Cretaceous/Palaeogene mass extinction. Nature Geoscience 7: 667-670. [PDF] doi:10.1038/ngeo2227

Norris, R.D., Wilson, P.A, Blum, P., and the Expedition 342 Scientists, 2014. Proc. IODP, 342: College Station, TX (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.342.2014

Hull P.M. and Darroch S.A.F. 2013. Mass extinctions and the structure and function of ecosystems. In Ecosystems Paleobiology and Geobiology. [eds] A.M. Bush, S.B. Pruss, J.L. Payne. The Paleontological Society Short Course. The Paleontological Society Papers, v. 19. [PDF]
Norris R.D., Kirtland Turner S., Hull P.M., Ridgwell A. 2013. Marine ecosystem responses to Cenozoic global change. Science 341 (6145): 492-498. [PDF] doi:10.1126/science.1240543

Manousaki T.*, Hull P.M.*, Kusche H., Machado-Schiaffino G., Franchini P., Harrod C., Elmer KR, Meyer A. 2013. Parsing parallel evolution: ecological divergence and differential gene expression in the adaptive radiations of thick-lipped Midas cichlid fishes from Nicaragua. Molecular Ecology 22 (3): 650-669. [PDF] doi: 10.1111/mec.12034          [* indicates co-first authorship]

Norris R.D. and Hull P.M. 2012. The temporal dimension of marine speciation. Evolutionary Ecology 26 (2): 393-415. [PDF] doi: 10.1007/s10682-011-9488-4

Ohman M.D., Rau G.H., Hull P.M. 2012. Multi-decadal variations in stable N isotopes of California Current zooplankton. Deep-Sea Research I 60: 46-55. [PDF] doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.11.003

Expedition 342 Scientists. 2012.  Paleogene Newfoundland sediment drifts.  IODP Preliminary Reports 342. pgs. 1-263. [PDF] doi: 10.2204/

Hull P.M., Norris R.D., Bralower T., Schueth, J.D. 2011. A role for chance in marine recovery from the end-Cretaceous extinction. Nature Geoscience 4: 856-860. [PDF] doi:10.1038/ngeo1302

Hull P.M. and Norris R.D. 2011. Diverse patterns of ocean export productivity change across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary: new insights from biogenic barium. Paleoceanography 26 (PA3205). [PDF] doi:10.1029/2010PA002082

Hull P.M., Osborn K.J., Norris R.D., Robison B.H. 2011. Seasonality and depth distribution of a mesopelagic planktonic foraminifer, Hastigerinella digitata, in Monterey Bay, California. Limnology and Oceanography 56 (2): 562-576. [PDF] doi:10.4319/lo.2011.56.2.0562

Hull P.M., Franks P.J.S., Norris R.D. 2011. Mechanisms and models of iridium anomaly shape across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 301: 98-106. [PDF] doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.10.031

Hull P.M. and Norris R.D. 2009. Evidence for abrupt speciation in a classic case of gradual evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106 (50): 21224-21229.   [PDF] doi:10.1073/pnas.0902887106

Lewis J.M., Hull P.M., Weinberger K., Saul L. 2008. Mapping Uncharted Waters: Exploratory Analysis, Visualization and Clustering of Oceanographic Data. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA-08), pages 388-395. San Diego, California. [PDF] doi:10.1109/ICMLA.2008.125

Aburto-Oropeza O. and Hull P.M. 2008. A probable spawning aggregation of leather bass, Dermatolepis dermatolepis, in the Revillagigedo Archipelago, Mexico. Journal of Fish Biology 73 (1): 288-295. [PDF] doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.01909.x